“Classic Blackjack” is one of the most widely played casino game worldwide. Because of its simple, fair and straight forward rules it is one of the most popular casino games. Blackjack is alternately known as twenty-one or pontoon.
This game can be played with one to eight ordinary decks of cards. Cards from 2 through 10 retain their face value. All face cards have a value of 10 points. Aces can be worth either 1 or 11 points. The highest hand is an ace and any 10-point card and is called a blackjack. Thus the total is 21 points and is the reason why this game also called 21. If both player and dealer have a blackjack the bet is a push. The player wins if his hand has more points than the dealer, without going over 21. If either the player or dealer cross 21 it is called a break or bust and a busted hand automatically loses. In case of a situation where in both the player and the dealer burst then the house has the advantage and the player loses. If the player and the dealer tie, the bet is a push.
The game begins as each player places a bet in the circle or logo right in front of him. Then the dealer deals each player and himself two cards. Player cards are dealt face up while one dealer card is dealt face up (the up card) and the other face down (the hole card). If the dealer has a ten or an ace as the up card then it maybe that he has a blackjack, as a result all players without lose.
In the event the dealer has an ace as the up card he will allow the players to insure their hands against a blackjack. The insurance bet in blackjack pays 2:1 if the dealer has a blackjack. If the dealer has an ace showing and a player has a blackjack the dealer may ask "even money"? .This is because if the player has it and the net result of both the blackjack and the insurance bet will be an even money win regardless of whether the dealer has a it. After all players have had a chance to accept or decline insurance the dealer will check the hole card.
After it has been established that the dealer does not have a blackjack the players in turn may play their hands. The following options are available.
Stand:If the player is happy with his hand then he has to wave his hand as if to wave the dealer away. In a single deck game, tuck your cards face down under your bet.
Hit:If the player decides to take another card he may continue to do so until he either stands or busts. To suggest that you wish to hit, tap the table with your finger. In a single deck game, scrape your cards lightly against the felt.
Double:If the player feels he needs one and only one more card then he may double his bet and be dealt one more card, good or bad. This option is only offered on the first two cards, and sometimes on the first two cards after splitting. To signify you wish to double, place another wager next to your original wager of equal value. In single deck, place your cards face up by your bet.
Split:If the player's first two cards are of equal point value he may split them into two hands. In this event each card is the first card of a new hand. The player must also make another wager, of equal value to the first wager, for the second hand. Splitting after splitting is allowed; however, re-splitting aces is often an exception. The player may usually split up to 2 or 3 times if another splitting opportunity arises. Doubling after splitting is usually but not always allowed. To signify you wish to split put the additional wager next to the original wager. In single deck, place your cards face up by your bet.
Surrender:Finally, some casinos offer the player the option to surrender on the first two cards. If the player does not like his prospects he may forfeit half the bet as well as his cards. If the dealer has a ten or ace showing, and the dealer peeks at his hole card for it before the first player's turn, then the option is called "late surrender." If the dealer does not check for blackjack, or does not take a hole card at all, then the option is called "early surrender." Early surrender is much better for the player, because of the protection against a dealer blackjack.
After all players have played their hands, from the dealer's left to right, the dealer will play his hand. The dealer has no free will but must always play by certain house rules. Usually the rule is that the dealer must hit until he reaches a score of 17 or more. If the dealer busts, all players that did not bust automatically win the blackjack game.